Definability of initial segments

by Shelah and Tsuboi. [ShTs:767]
Notre Dame J Formal Logic, 2003
We consider implicit definability of the standard part {0,1,...} in nonstandard models of Peano arithmetic (PA), and we ask whether there is a model of PA in which the standard part is implicitly definable. In section 1, we define a certain class of formulas, and show that in any model of PA the standard part is not implicitly defined by using such formulas. In section 2 we construct a model of PA in which the standard part is implicitly defined. To construct such a model, first we assume a set theoretic hypothesis diamondsuit_{S_lambda^{lambda^+}}, which is an assertion of the existence of a very general set. Then we shall eliminate the hypothesis using absoluteness for the existence of a model having a tree structure with a certain property.


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