Asymmetric tie-points on almost clopen subsets of $\mathbb{N}^*$

by Dow and Shelah. [DwSh:1057]
Commentationes Math Universitatis Carolinae, 2018
A tie-point of compact space is analogous to a cut-point: the complement of the point falls apart into two relatively clopen non-compact subsets. We review some of the many consistency results that have depended on the construction of tie-points of {N}^* . One especially important application, due to Velickovic, was to the existencce of non-trivial involutions on {N}^* . A tie-point {N}^* has been called symmetric if it is the unique fixed point of an involution. We define the notion of almost clopen set to be the closure of one of the proper relatively clopen subsets of the complement of a tie-point. We explore asymmetries of almost clopen subsets of {N}^* in the sense of how may an almost clopen set differ from its natural complementary almost clopen set.

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