Constructing Simple Groups For Localizations

by Goebel and Shelah. [GbSh:739]
Communication in Algebra, 2002
A group homomorphism eta : A-> H is called a localization of A if every homomorphism phi :A-> H can be `extended uniquely' to a homomorphism Phi:H-> H in the sense that Phi eta =phi . This categorical concepts, obviously not depending on the notion of groups, extends classical localizations as known for rings and modules. Moreover this setting has interesting applications in homotopy theory. For localizations eta :A-> H of (almost) commutative structures A often H resembles properties of A, e.g. size or satisfying certain systems of equalities and non-equalities. Perhaps the best known example is that localizations of finite abelian groups are finite abelian groups. This is no longer the case if A is a finite (non-abelian) group. Libman showed that A_n-> SO_{n-1}(R) for a natural embedding of the alternating group A_n is a localization if n even and n >= 10 . Answering an immediate question by Dror Farjoun and assuming the generalized continuum hypothesis GCH we recently showed in [GRSh:701] that any non-abelian finite simple has arbitrarily large localizations. In this paper we want to remove GCH so that the result becomes valid in ordinary set theory. At the same time we want to generalize the statement for a larger class of A 's.

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