Potential isomorphism and semi--proper trees

by Hellsten and Hyttinen and Shelah. [HHSh:770]
Fundamenta Math, 2002
We study a notion of potential isomorphism, where two structures are said to be potentially isomorphic if they are isomorphic in some generic extension that preserves stationary sets and does not add new sets of cardinality less than the cardinality of the models. We introduce the notions of semi-proper and weakly semi-proper trees, and note that there is a strong connection between the existence of potentially isomorphic models for a given complete theory and the existence of weakly semi-proper trees. We prove the existence of semi-proper trees under certain cardinal arithmetic assumptions. We also show the consistency of the non-existence of weakly semi-proper trees assuming the consistency of some large cardinals.

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