# Sh:812

- Shelah, S., Väisänen, P., & Väänänen, J. A. (2005).
*On ordinals accessible by infinitary languages*. Fund. Math.,**186**(3), 193–214. DOI: 10.4064/fm186-3-1 MR: 2191236 -
Abstract:

Let \lambda be an infinite cardinal number. The ordinal number \delta(\lambda) is the least ordinal \gamma such that if \phi is any sentence of L_{\lambda^+\omega}, with a unary predicate D and a binary predicate \prec, and \phi has a model M with \langle D^M,\prec^M\rangle a well-ordering of type \ge\gamma, then \phi has a model M' where \langle D^{M'}, \prec^{M'}\rangle is non-well-ordered. One of the interesting properties of this number is that the Hanf number of L_{\lambda^+\omega} is exactly \beth_{\delta(\lambda)}. We show the following theorem.**Theorem**Suppose \aleph_0<\lambda<\theta\leq\kappa are cardinal numbers such that \lambda^{<\lambda}=\lambda, {\rm cf}(\theta)\geq \lambda^+ and \mu^\lambda<\theta whenever \mu<\theta, and \kappa^\lambda = \kappa. Then there is a forcing extension preserving all cofinalities, adding no new sets of cardinality < \lambda such that in the extension 2^\lambda = \kappa and \delta(\lambda)= \theta. - published version (22p)

Bib entry

@article{Sh:812, author = {Shelah, Saharon and V{\"a}is{\"a}nen, Pauli and V{\"a}{\"a}n{\"a}nen, Jouko A.}, title = {{On ordinals accessible by infinitary languages}}, journal = {Fund. Math.}, fjournal = {Fundamenta Mathematicae}, volume = {186}, number = {3}, year = {2005}, pages = {193--214}, issn = {0016-2736}, mrnumber = {2191236}, mrclass = {03C75 (03C55 03E35)}, doi = {10.4064/fm186-3-1} }